Brainstorming Form

Questions for
TOEFL Independent Writing

PRAW | TWT

BF1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid at least as much as doctors, lawyers, or business leaders.

BF2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People now can better protect the environment than they could in the past.

BF3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should allow their children to make mistakes and let them learn from their own mistakes.

BF4. As the leader of a city, what would you do to ensure the prosperity and success of the city? A. creating job opportunities for the unemployed; B. lowering food price; C. providing affordable housing.

BF5. A high school has planned to start a course so that students can learn some practical skills. The school is going to choose from courses of cooking, auto repair, and personal finances management. Which one do you think is the best?

BF6. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People care more about public recognition than about money. Even if no more money is given, public recognition can still make people work harder.

BF7. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology designed to make our life simpler actually makes our life more complicated.

BF8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The food we ate in the past was healthier than the food we eat today.

BF9. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should support artists rather than allow them to support themselves.

BF10. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Improving schools is the most important factor in the successful development of a country.

BF11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People can solve important problems by themselves or with the help from their family members, so there is no need for the government to help them.

BF12. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Having a job with a low-paying salary but that is highly secure is better than having a job with a high salary but that is easy to lose.

BF13. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It was easier to succeed in the past than it is today.

BF14. / TPO45. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In the past, young people depended on their parents for making decisions. Today, young people are better able to make decisions on their own.

BF15. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to how well their students perform.

BF16. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In 20 years from now on, students will not use printed books anymore.

BF17. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Spending time alone is truly the best way to reduce stress.

BF18. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Professional athletes who receive high salaries, such as football and basketball players, deserve what they get.

BF19. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teaching was a harder job in the past than it is today.

BF20. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most of the environmental issues are too complex today, so individuals can do nothing about them.

BF21. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Telephone has had greater effects on people’s lives than television.

BF22. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should not take part-time jobs when they study at university.

BF23. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young people today are less dependent on their parents than they were in the past.

BF24. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To make children do well in school, parents should limit the hours that children spend watching television or movies.

BF25. During an economic crisis, on which area should the government reduce spending? A. Education; B. Healthcare; C. Support for the unemployed.

BF26. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students would receive a better education if they were required to attend classes for 11 months of a year.

BF27. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to attract good students, a university should spend a lot of money funding social activities.

BF28. Many high school students are doing a lot of school work already. Some people believe that students should help their parents with household chores, since it’s the best way to give them a sense of responsibility.

BF29. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Patience is usually not a good strategy; we should take action now rather than later.

BF30. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If you cannot say anything nice about someone, you’d better not say anything.

BF31. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Good looks and dresses are more important for success than good ideas.

BF32. Do you agree or disagree with the following opinion? The most important goal of education is to help people educate themselves.

BF33. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? An effective leader will make others feel like they are a part of decision-making.

BF34. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and television programs made in one’s own country are more interesting than those made in other countries.

BF35. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Working from home with the use of the telephone and the computer is better than working in the office.

BF36. / TPO40. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should give money to their children as a reward for their high marks at school.

BF37. / TPO41. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers were more appreciated and valued by the society in the past than they are nowadays.

BF38. Some people think that university professors should spend more time doing research while others think they should spend more time educating students. What is your view?

BF39. / TPO42. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Workers would be much more satisfied when they do different types of tasks during workdays than when they do similar tasks.

BF40. Which is more important in one’s career life, expert skill or the ability to adapt to new conditions?

BF41. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important thing that people have learned is from their families.

BF42. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for the government to spend money on new buildings than to preserve historic or traditional buildings and homes.

BF43. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Drivers should pay a certain amount of fees to be permitted to drive in the busiest street when there is a lot of traffic.

BF44. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Physical exercises are much more important for elderly people than for young people.

BF45. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to remain happy and optimistic when you fail than it is to achieve success.

BF46. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most businesspeople are only motivated by the desire for money.

BF47. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to improve the quality of teaching is to increase the salaries of teachers.

BF48. Some people favor the use of clean energy for environmental protection, but other people think that traditional energy sources such as coal and oil are less expensive. What is your suggestion?

BF49. / TPO53. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for the government to spend money improving Internet access than improving public transport.

BF50. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The purpose of television should be all educative, not entertaining.

BF51. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rapid growth of cities can be seen as a positive development of the society.

BF52. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All high school students should be required to take a course in basic economics.

BF53. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and televisions should always show the audience that good people are being rewarded and bad people are being punished.

BF54. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important characteristic of a good political or business leader is the ability to take responsibility for their mistakes.

BF55. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should play sports only for fun, so they should not attend competitions.

BF56. / TPO36. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? For successful development of a country, the government should focus its budget more on the education of young children (aged 5 to 10) rather than on universities.

BF57. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To solve the problems of the present and the future, people should review the past.

BF58. Some people think that giving students time during a class to discuss ideas with each other is a good way to help students learn; others think giving students time for discussion is ineffective or a waste of time. Which idea do you agree with, and why?

BF59. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents nowadays do not understand their children as well as parents did 50 years ago.

BF60. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should not have to pay for using public transport.

BF61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should buy products made in their own countries, even though they are more expensive than the same products made elsewhere.

BF62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When people organize parties to celebrate occasions such as graduation or birthday, it is better to invite a lot of people than to invite only friends and family members.

BF63. Some people say that students should study many lessons during a semester, but others say that it is better for students to just take three or four lessons. Which do you think is better?

BF64. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to choose a university whose graduates have good job opportunities than to choose a university that has famous professors.

BF65. Some students prefer to have their final grades determined by numerous small assignments, whereas others prefer to have their final grades determined by only a few large ones. What is your suggestion?

BF66. Some jobs can pay higher salaries but require employees to leave their families and friends. Some jobs pay lower salaries but allow employees to stay with families and friends. Which job do you prefer? Why?

BF67. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Governments should focus on preserving the environment rather than on developing economy.

BF68. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? There is no reason to be impolite (rude) to another person. Use specific examples and reasons to sport your statement.

BF69. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should support scientific research that does not have any practical use.

BF70. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important problems affecting our society today can be solved within our lifetime.

BF71. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People nowadays spend too much time on new technologies (such as text messaging and social media) to communicate with each other.

BF72. / TPO51. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and television have more negative effects than positive effects on the way young people behave.

BF73. Some people believe that teachers should communicate with students in class. Others believe that teachers should communicate with students by sending them emails. Which way do you think is better? Why?

BF74. Some parents do not agree with the way teachers are teaching their children. Do you think that parents should express their disapproval to the teachers? Why?

BF75. Some people say that teachers and parents should decide what assignments or activities children should do after school. Others say that children should make these decisions on their own. Which view do you agree with? Why?

BF76. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People living in the village are more satisfied than those who live in big cities.

BF77. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Nowadays, people are more willing to help strangers (for example, giving food and clothes to people who need them) than they were in the past.

BF78. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When you have been friends with someone for a long time, even if that person does something you do not like, it is still important to continue your friendship with him or her.

BF79. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young school children should be required to study art and music in addition to math, language, science, and history.

BF80. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People in the past were more interested in improving their neighborhood (the area where they live) than they are now.

BF81. / TPO46. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The opinions of celebrities, such as entertainers and famous athletes, have greater influence on younger people than on older people.

BF82. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Professional athletes and entertainers should not be involved in politics.

BF83. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to develop tourist industry, the government should spend money on hiring more security police than on preserving old streets and old buildings.

BF84. / TPO52. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rules that the whole society today expects young people to follow are too strict.

BF85. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Taking care of pets brings important benefits to a child.

BF86. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should cover Internet fee; individuals should not pay the internet fee.

BF87. During an economic crisis, on which area should the government reduce spending? A. Art; B. Scientific research; C. Parks and public gardens.

BF88. A local school has been funding different types of activities for students to participate in, but this year, because of a lack of money, the school will fund only one activity. Which one do you think the school should fund? A. Sports; B. Arts; C. Volunteering activities (which help development of community).

BF89. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is often not a good idea to move to a new city or a new country because you will lose old friends.

BF90. The community you live in is planning on setting up new facilities. Which of the following do you think would benefit the community most? Why? A. A shopping mall; B. An art center; C. A hotel.

BF91. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The advice from grandparents is of no use to their grandchildren because the world has changed a lot over the past 50 years.

BF92. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A good leader should have strong opinions and do not change his or her mind on these opinions.

BF93. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important characteristic of a politician or leader is good communication skills.

BF94. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF95. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to read and watch news presented by people whose views are different from your own than by people whose are similar to yours.

BF96. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better for schoolchildren to read what they are interested in than to read what the teacher requires them to.

BF97. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should assign homework to students every day.

BF98. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In twenty years’ time, people will lead a more leisurely life.

BF99. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to spend money on something that lasts a long time, such as an expensive piece of jewelry, than on something that provides short-term pleasure, such as a vacation.

BF100. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Colleges or universities should offer more courses to prepare students for the future before they start working.

BF101. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing sports teaches people more lessons about life.

BF102. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The car (automobile) has had a greater effect on society than the airplane.

BF103. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Competition between friends always has a negative effect on their friendship.

BF104. / TPO43. If your teacher has said something incorrect in a class, what will you do? A. Interrupt your teacher right away; B. Keep silent; C. Correct your teacher after class when others are gone.

BF105. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To truly enjoy a vacation, people should leave their mobile phones at home.

BF106. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The more money people have, the more they should give away to charity.

BF107. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Reading newspapers and magazines is the best way to learn about a foreign country.

BF108. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important investment in the education of children aged 4 to 7 is buying them computers.

BF109. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should state their honest opinions even though others may disagree with them.

BF110. Some people think that it is an important part of a child’s education to go on field trips (e.g. museums), while others think that a child’s time is better spent learning in a classroom at school. Which do you prefer?

BF111. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All university students should take basic science courses regardless of their fields of study.

BF112. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to complete a project and then start another one than to do several things at the same time.

BF113. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When people spend a lot of time watching sports on television or following their favorite teams, it has more negative effects than positive effects on their lives.

BF114. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to spend time learning about the history of the place where you live.

BF115. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should spend at least one year working or traveling before they go to the university.

BF116. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to have rules about the types of clothes that people wear at work than at school.

BF117. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When students are studying, doing things like surfing the Internet or listening to music imposes bad effects on learning.

BF118. Sometimes we are assigned to work in a group on a project. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The group will be helped more by a person who is willing to do what other group members want than by a person who often strongly insists that things should be done in a way that is different from what the group wants to do.

BF119. Which one of the following values is the most important to share with a young child (aged 5 to 10)? Why? A. Being helpful to others; B. Being honest; C. Being well-organized. Use specific examples and evidences to support your answer.

BF120. Some people like to buy and eat their meals in a restaurant frequently, while others like to cook and eat at home. Which do you prefer? Why?

BF121. It is better to spend more time watching television programs from which we can learn knowledge and spend less time watching entertainment programs.

BF122. In many places, students aged 12 to 18 are typically taught different subjects by different teachers, while younger students are usually taught by only one teacher all day long. Some believe that it would also benefit younger students to be taught by several different teachers every day. What is your opinion? Why?

BF123. Some people think it is the best approach for students to learn if the school starts the day at an early time in the morning. But others think that the school should start the day at late time. Which one do you prefer? Use specific reasons and detailed examples to support your answer.

BF124. Some people believe that video games could inspire young students’ interest and make their study more efficient rather than distract them, so young students should be allowed to play video games.

BF125. Nowadays, children rely too much on the technology, like computers, smartphone, video games for fun and entertainment; playing simpler toys or playing outside with friends would be better for the children’s development.

BF126. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Some people think that the media (including TV, radio, newspaper, and the Internet) are less concerned about the accuracy of news nowadays than in the past, and they present incorrect information which may cause some problems to the public. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF127. / TPO1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? At universities and colleges, sports and social activities are just as important as classes and libraries and should receive equal financial support. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF128. / TPO2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship between people. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF129. / TPO3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to keep your old friends than it is to make new friends. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF130. / TPO4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In twenty years there will be fewer cars in use than there are today. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF131. / TPO5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People today spend too much time on personal enjoyment — doing things they like to do — rather than doing things they should do. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF132. / TPO6. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Life today is easier and more comfortable than it was when your grandparents were children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF133. / TPO7. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for students to understand ideas and concepts than it is for them to learn facts. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF134. / TPO8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television advertising directed towards young children (aged two to five) should not be allowed. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF135. / TPO9. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology has made children less creative than they were in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF136. / TPO10. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF137. / TPO11. Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF138. / TPO12. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to have broad knowledge of many academic subjects than to specialize in one specific subject. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF139. / TPO13. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The extended family (grandparents, cousins, aunts, and uncles) is less important now than it was in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF140. / TPO14. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People benefit more from traveling in their own country than from traveling to foreign countries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF141. / TPO15. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to become financially responsible adults, children should learn to manage their own money at young age. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF142. / TPO16. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF143. / TPO17. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most advertisements make products seem much better then they really are. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF144. / TPO18. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students are more influenced by their teachers than by their friends. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF145. / TPO19. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In order to be well-informed, a person must get information from many different news resources. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF146. / TPO20. Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

BF147. / TPO21. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? For success in a future job, the ability to relate well to people is more important than studying hard in school. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF148. / TPO22. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should not make their social or political views known to students in the classroom. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF149. / TPO23. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In today’s world, it is more important to work quickly and risk making mistakes than to work slowly and make sure that everything is correct. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF150. / TPO24. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One of the best ways that parents can help their teenage children prepare for adult life is to encourage them to take a part-time job. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF151. / TPO25. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young people nowadays do not give enough time to helping their communities. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF152. / TPO26. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better for children to choose jobs that are similar to their parents’ jobs than to choose jobs that are very different from their parents’ job. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF153. / TPO27. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? If people have the opportunity to get a secure job, they should take it right away rather than wait for a job that would be more satisfying. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF154. / TPO28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents today are more involved in their children’s education than were parents in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF155. / TPO29. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? To improve the quality of education, universities should spend money on salaries university professors. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF156. / TPO30. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more enjoyable to have a job where you work only three days a week for long hours than to have a job where you work five days a week for shorter hours. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF157. / TPO31. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because the world is changing so quickly, people now are less happy or less satisfied with their lives than people were in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF158. / TPO32. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young people today have no influence on the important decisions that determine the future of society as a whole. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF159. / TPO33. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When teachers assign projects on which students must work together, the students learn much more effectively than when they are asked to work alone on projects. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF160. / TPO34. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Educating children has become a more difficult task because now children spend more time on cell phones, online games and social websites. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF161. / TPO35. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Famous entertainers and athletes deserve to have more privacy than they have now. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF162. / TPO37. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because people are busy doing so many different things, they do very few things well. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF163. / TPO38. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Leadership comes naturally; one cannot learn how to become a leader. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF164. / TPO39. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In the past, it was easier to identify what types of careers and jobs would lead to a secure, successful future. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF165. / TPO44. Some people believe that when busy parents do not have much time to spend with their children, the best use of that time is to play games or sports together for fun. Others believe that it is best to spend that time doing things together that are related to schoolwork. Which do you prefer?

BF166. / TPO47. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to know about the events happening around the world, even though they are unlikely to affect people’s daily life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF167. / TPO48. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Because modern life is very complex, it is essential for young people to have the ability to plan and organize. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF168. / TPO49. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The ability to maintain friendships with a small number of people over a long period of time is more important for happiness than the ability to make many new friends easily. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF169. / TPO50. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All university students should be required to take history courses regardless of their fields of study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF170. / TPO Extra 1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People learn things better from those at their own level — such as fellow students and coworkers — than from those at a higher level, such as teachers and supervisors. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF171. / TPO Extra 2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF172. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students are more interested in politics today than they were in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF173. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students’ sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF174. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.

BF175. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

BF176. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF177. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF178. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF179. It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay.

BF180. It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

BF181. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF182. “When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

BF183. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.

BF184. Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

BF185. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

BF186. You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

BF187. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF188. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF189. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF190. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF191. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day’s work. Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

BF192. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

BF193. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, email, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

BF194. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF195. Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF196. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF197. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15 to 18 year-old) teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF198. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to support our answer.

BF199. Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF200. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF201. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people’s lives. A. automobiles; B. bicycles; C. airplanes. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF202. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

BF203. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF204. A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF205. The expression “Never, never give up” means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF206. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

BF207. Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

BF208. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF209. Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice.

BF210. What is the most important action for the government to solve environmental problems? A. funding research on new energy sources such as solar and wind power; B. protecting the forest and wildlife; C. passing and enforcing laws to reduce the pollution.

BF211. Some people have ambitious dreams and keep pursuing them, but other people always focus on realistic goals and try to achieve them. Which do you think is better and why?

BF212. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Employees who are good at following the instructions of their managers are more valuable to their companies than employees who always try to find new ways or better ways.

BF213. As a student of university that has a long break between university semesters,􏰙 the university requires all students to do one of the following for one month during the break.

  • Students must take a course on the subject that has no direct connection to their majors of study
  • Students must volunteer to work in the city where the university is located or their hometowns to improve some aspects of life of the city or their own town

Which one do you think is more beneficial to students? Why?

BF214. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to spend money on improving facilities 􏰯like libraries􏰙 computer labs􏰙 technology in general􏰰 than hiring famous teachers.

BF215. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All school teachers should be required to attend some courses every five years to update their knowledge.

BF216. What is the most important factor for students to succeed at university or college? Why?

  • university tutors’ individual instructions to help solve students’ problems􏰱
  • encouragement from family and friends􏰱
  • high-quality education and excellent teachers in the high school

BF217. At some universities􏰙, students take part in making decisions about the issues that affect daily life of everyone on campus􏰙, such as how many hours that the libraries should be open each day or what kinds of food should be served in the cafeteria. But at some universities,􏰙 experts are hired to make these decisions􏰙, while students are almost never involved. Which approach do you prefer? Why?

BF218. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to work for a business owned by someone else than to work for the business of one’􏰮s own family.

BF219. A city wants to help teachers of its high school students 􏰯(aged 14 to 18) 􏰰improve their teaching. It is considering two plans:

  • choose a small group of excellent teachers, and􏰱 these teachers will attend a class led by an expert for additional training in how to teach effectively􏰙 and they will then come back to their schools and provide that training for other teachers in school
  • provide additional training in teaching effectively for high school teachers􏰙 using online material that each teacher will study individually

Which plan do you think is better? Why?

BF220. Modern agricultural methods damage the environment.􏰙 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Providing food for the growing population around the world is more important than protecting the environment.

BF221. If one of your friends has the opportunity to study in either one of the two majors,􏰙 which one will you recommend? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  • a major that would allow your friend to complete studies and get a degree faster 􏰯so that he or she can get a full-time job sooner􏰰
  • a major that would require longer time to study􏰙 but can make it more likely to get better employment opportunities and job offers in the future

BF222. Out of the following three things􏰙, which one would you prefer to improve your health? A. the kind of food you eat; B. the amount of exercise; C. the amount of stress in your life.

BF223. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better for your friend to ask you for help 􏰯– suppose you are good at the subject –􏰰 than to turn to a tutor when he or she finds it hard to pass an examination.

BF224. Which area the government should fund to improve children􏰮’s education?

  • hiring more teachers to teach in a small class
  • preschool education before kindergarten
  • providing some training courses so that teachers can be more professional

BF225. For the last academic year at college, would you prefer to choose courses taught by teachers who have taught you or those taught by teachers whose classes you have never attended?

BF226. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way for a teacher to help students become interested in a subject is to explain how that subject will help them outside school.

BF227. / TPO54. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The government should spend more money in the support of the arts than in support of athletics such as state-sponsored Olympic teams. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF228. Do you agree or disagree that technological progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. (c.f. BF188.)

BF229. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF230. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern life is easier than life in the past. Use specific details and examples to support your answer. (c.f. BF132.)

BF231. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People in today’s world have become too dependent on automobiles. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF232. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology has made it easier for people to connect on a deeper level. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer

BF233. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “Overall, the widespread use of the internet has a mostly positive effect on life in today’s world.”

BF234. Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF235. You are going to have a new roommate next semester. Which of the following qualities is most important to you: A. cleanliness B. a sense of humor C. politeness

BF236. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what type of neighbor is the best to have? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

  • someone who is quiet
  • someone who we are similar to
  • someone who is supportive

BF237. You have been given a gift of money. Which would you rather spend it on? A. a piece of jewelry B. a pair of concert tickets C. an expensive meal.

BF238. When you face difficult problems in life, what do you feel is the best way to solve them?

  • asking someone with more experience for advice about the problem
  • finding information about the problem using the Internet
  • taking a long time to think about the problem

BF239. Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why?

BF240. Some people think that the family is the most important influence on young adults. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your position.

BF241. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. (c.f. BF79. / BF169.)

BF242. You must prepare a final project. Which style would you prefer? A. giving a class presentation B. designing a poster C. writing an essay

BF243. If you had to work on a project for school, would you rather work alone, work with classmates, or work with a tutor?

BF244. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

BF245. A high salary is much more important than job satisfaction. Do you agree or disagree? Provide relevant examples if necessary.

BF246. Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. (c.f. BF69. / BF247.)

BF247. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. (c.f. BF69. / BF246.)

BF248. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important for the government to protect animals and wilderness for future generations.

BF249. Should government spend money on the construction of public parks or build a sport field for students? (c.f. BF87.)

BF250. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising today is less honest than it was in the past, so it is less useful for people to choose what they want to buy. (c.f. BF143.)

BF251. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Reading fiction (such as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

BF252. Suppose you have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.

BF253. If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

  • an inexperienced worker at a lower salary
  • an experienced worker at a higher salary

BF254. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Though people already realized the importance of protecting the environment, it’s unlikely that there’ll be any difference. (c.f. BF20.)

BF255. One company plans to prohibit employees from working through emails and text messages during weekends and holidays. Some people believe that by doing this, the company can reduce employees’ dissatisfaction with the company, while others believe that by doing this, the company cannot reduce employees’ dissatisfaction with the company. What is your opinion and why? (20190615CN)

BF256. / TPO55. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When classmates and colleagues communicate about a project in person instead of by email, they will produce better work for the project. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your point of view.

BF257. Nowadays, many high school students are not interested in their classes. Which of the following ways do you think would be the most effective way that a teacher can use to make students get interested in classes?

  • Use technology in the classroom often
  • Ask students to have group talk more often
  • Explain to the students how what they learned is related to the world outside classroom

BF258. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Nowadays, the things learned by children from their parents are more than those learned by parents from their children. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your point of view.

BF259. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Cities should make a law to restrict primary school teachers from assigning homework that takes students (aged between five and ten) more than thirty minutes, because they already get enough instruction at school in the day.

BF260. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young people (aged between 12 and 18) nowadays behave badly (by being impolite or unkind, for example) more often than young people who lived fifty years ago.

BF261. A company wants to spend a certain amount of money to improve its employees’ productivity. Of the following two ways, which one do you think is better?

  • update the technology used by the workers to improve efficiency
  • redesign the office to improve the working environment

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

BF262. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should require every student to take public speaking courses. Give specific examples and details to support your answer.

BF263. Some college teachers prefer to ask students to watch or listen to a recorded lecture before class. In class, they will ask students to practice what they have learned from the lecture. Do you think that this is an effective way? Why?

BF264. Many companies provide important products or services but also damage the environment. Some people believe that the best way to stop companies from harming the environment is to require them to pay a penalty, such as a higher tax or a large fine, when they cause environmental damage. Other people think there are better ways to stop the companies from harming the environment. Which view do you agree with and why?

BF265. Some people think that younger children should be taken care of by the older children in a family, while others think that younger children should be taken care of by their parents or other adults in their family. What is your opinion? Why? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your opinion.

BF266. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is beneficial to stop reading and listening to the news for a period of a few days or weeks. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your opinion.